The mainstream quality wine regions in Spain are referred to as denominaciones de origen protegidas (DOP) (similar to the French Appellations) and the wine they produce is regulated for quality according to specific laws, and in compliance with European Commission Regulation (CE) 753/2002. In 2016, the use of the term Denominación de Origen (DO...
The mainstream quality wine regions in Spain are referred to as denominaciones de origen protegidas (DOP) (similar to the French Appellations) and the wine they produce is regulated for quality according to specific laws, and in compliance with European Commission Regulation (CE) 753/2002. In 2016, the use of the term Denominación de Origen (DO) was updated to Denominación de Origen Protegida (DOP) by the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAPA – Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación); the traditional term of DO can still be used legally on labels, but it will eventually be replaced by DOP.
The wine region classification in Spain takes a quite complex hierarchical form in which the denominación de origen protegida is a mainstream grading, equivalent to the French AOC and the Italian DOC. As of 2019, Spain has 138 identifiable wine regions under some form of geographical classification (2 DOCa/DOQ, 68 DO, 7 VC, 19 VP, and 42 VT). The Spanish DO is actually a subset of the EU-sponsored QWPSR (Quality Wine Produced in Specific Regions) regulatory code (vino de calidad producido en región determinada (VCPRD) in Spanish) which Spain formally adopted in 1986, upon accession to the (then) EEC. The Spanish appellation hierarchy was most recently updated in 2016, and is as follows:
DOP – denominación de origen protegida ('protected denomination of origin'), is the mainstay of Spain's wine quality control system. Each region is governed by a consejo regulador, which decides on the boundaries of the region, permitted varietals, maximum yields, limits of alcoholic strength and other quality standards or production limitations pertaining to the zone. As of 2019 there are 96 DOPs that are subdivided into DOCa, DO, VP, and VC. The sub-categories can be called DOP, or they can use the traditional terms of DOCa, DO, VP, and VC.
DOCa – denominación de origen calificada ('denomination of qualified origin'), is the highest category in Spanish wine regulations, reserved for regions with above-average grape prices and particularly stringent quality controls. Rioja was the first Spanish region to be awarded DOCa status in 1991, followed by Priorat in 2003. Priorat uses the Catalan language DOQ, for denominació d'origen qualificada. These are the only two regions considered "above" DO status.
DO – denominación de origin, the mainstay of Spain's wine quality control system. Each region is governed by a consejo regulador, which decides on the boundaries of the region, permitted varietals, maximum yields, limits of alcoholic strength and other quality standards or production limitations pertaining to the zone.
VP – vino de pago ('estate wine'), a special term for high-quality, single-estate wines (pago is a Spanish term for a vineyard estate) which in some cases also have DO or VC or IGP appellations. This category was formed in 2003.
VC – vino de Calidad con indicación geográfica ('quality wine with geographic indication'), a category formed in 2003 along with VP. The VC category is used for wines that do not fully meet the stringent standards of the DO category, but are above the standards of the IGP category.
IGP – indicación geográfica protegida ('protected geographic indication'). This is below the DOP level, and is wine originating from a specific place, a region or a country, which has a certain quality, reputation or other characteristic - including production phases - that can be essentially attributed to its geographical origin, at least one of which takes place in the defined geographical area. These can use the traditional term Vino de la Tierra (VT).
VdM – vino de mesa ('table wine'), the catch-all at the bottom of the pyramid, for all wine from unclassified vineyards, and wine that has been declassified by blending. This includes both inexpensive jug wines and some expensive wines that are not yet classified due to innovation outside traditional lines.
In 2006 a new Vino de la Tierra "super-region" was created called Viñedos de España. This was never ratified by the EU, and it was abolished in 2011.
Spanish wines map.
Ribera del Duero (DESIGNATION OF ORIGIN) Situated in the heart of Castilla y Leon, this wine region that dates back to the Middle Ages, extends over a hundred miles, along the high course of the river Duero. Production area: 18,452 ha - The main production area includes 59 municipalities of Burgos in which 85% is cultivated vineyard, with the rest divided between Valladolid (19 municipalities) Soria (6) and Segovia (5). The traditional grape variety is Tinta area of the country, also known as Tempranillo or Tinto Fino, which occupies 60% of the vineyards. The Tinta del Pais of Ribera del Duero, known for its pigmentation and better fruit acidity in other Spanish regions, qualities that make producing wines of great elegance and velvety structure, rich in extract. On a smaller scale also grown Grenache, which is not used in breeding reds in this Denomination of Origin, Albillo (white grapes), grape Bobal and international strains such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec and Merlot. Ribera del Duero is definitely a star regions of Spanish and international geography. The quality of its wines has been at the forefront of Spanish and international wines. In 2012 Ribera del Duero received the award for "Best Wine Region of the Year", a prestigious award given by the American magazine "Wine Enthusiast Magazine". Control Board: http://www.riberadelduero.es
La Rioja (Denomination of Origin) The cultivation area of the Denomination of Origin La Rioja is located in the Ebro valley and is divided into three areas with different climatic and soil composition: Alava Rioja, Rioja Alta and Rioja Baja. The Rioja Alta occupies the western half of the name, and the eastern half Rioja Baja. The Rioja region is located north of La Rioja Alta, between the Ebro River, which forms its southern border, and the Sierra de Cantabria, sheltered from the north winds. Overall, the Rioja Alta and the Rioja region have a climate with Mediterranean and Atlantic influences, while in the Rioja Baja predominantly Mediterranean climate, warmer and drier. These differences are readily apparent on the landscape and vegetation, although within each zone are given different microclimates depending on factors such as solar orientation or the degree of exposure to wind. Grape varieties: Tempranillo (preferred), Garnacha, Mazuelo (aka Carignan) and Graciano White grape varieties: Viura (preferred) or Macabeo, Malvasia and Garnacha Blanca Rioja has been and is, without doubt, the reference star Spanish wine, mainly red, either in Spain or abroad Regulatory Board of Denominación de Origen Rioja www.Riojawine.com
Toro is a protected designation of origin of the provinces of Zamora and Valladolid, Spain.
Watered by the Duero River, the production area includes twelve municipalities in the province of Zamora (Argujillo, La Bóveda de Toro, Morales de Toro, El Pego, Peleagonzalo, El Piñero, San Miguel de la Ribera, Sanzoles, Toro, Valdefinjas, Venialbo and Villabuena del Puente) and three from Valladolid (San Román de Hornija, Villafranca de Duero and the Villaester de Arriba and Villaester de Abajo payments, in the municipality of Pedrosa del Rey), having the town of Toro as the center of The denomination. It obtained the qualification of Denomination of Origin in 1987.
Castilla y León is a protected geographical indication, used to designate the wines of the land made with grapes produced in the autonomous community of Castilla y León, Spain. Under this protected indication, red, white and rosé wines are made in 317 towns in the provinces of Ávila, Burgos, León, Palencia, Salamanca, Segovia, Soria, Valladolid and Zamora.
A continental Mediterranean climate with little rainfall, together with the diversity of soils are the most notable characteristics of the region, which roughly coincides with the Duero basin or northern sub-plateau, along with the surrounding mountainous perimeter.
This figure includes vineyards framed in the Castilian and Leonese appellations of origin, in mentions of Vino de la Tierra, or producers with the right to use the geographical mention.
However, the wines made in Castilla y León but which already have their own designation of origin are excluded from the Wines of the Land of Castilla y León. As, for example, D.O. Bierzo, D.O. Tierras de León, D.O. Toro, D.O. Cigales, D.O. Ribera del Duero, etc.
Arlanza is a wine appellation of origin established in 2005 for wines produced in the middle and lower valley of the Arlanza river, in the provinces of Burgos and Palencia.
Ribera del Arlanza wines are grown in vineyards in 62 municipalities, 50 in Burgos, with nine wineries, and 13 in Palencia, with two wineries.
Rueda es una denominación de origen protegida cuya zona de producción se encuentra en las provincias de Valladolid, Segovia y Ávila (España). Esta D.O. está integrada por 72 municipios de los cuales 53 se sitúan al sur de la provincia de Valladolid, 17 al oeste de Segovia y 2 al norte de Ávila.
El carácter Rueda está definido por tres elementos: la uva Verdejo (autóctona de la zona), el clima mediterráneo continentalizado y los suelos cascajosos.
Rías Baixas is one of the five denominations of origin of wine existing in Galicia (Spain). It was created in 1980 as a specific denomination and in 1988 it was recognized as a denomination of origin.
The vineyards occupy an area of around 2,700 hectares, which belong to 180 wineries. This denomination is the largest Galician producer, since 55 of its wineries produce more than 25,000 liters and some twenty exceed 75,000. Total production exceeds 10 million liters.
Wines from Ribera Sacra, Galicia, Spain
The territory of the D.O. Monterrei belongs to the Douro river basin, since the Támega river flows into it, which crosses the region of the denomination from north to south. It has a mild, temperate Mediterranean climate with influence from the Atlantic Ocean. Summers are hot and dry, and together with their cold winters they make the grapes develop with thermal contrasts of up to 30º in the ripening season.
White wines with an intense, fresh and balanced aroma are made. Red cherry reds, with fruity and silky aromas in the taste phase.
Marqués del Puerto Crianza, vino tinto de D.O.Ca. Rioja. Refrescante mezcla de Tempranillo (90%) y Mazuelo (10%). Envejecido en barricas de roble francés y americano durante 12 meses antes de sellarlo en su botella, donde continuará desarrollándose durante varios meses más.
The San Román and minerals are profound wines that combine power and elegance, have civilized tannins and a dense mouthfeel, with crisp flavors of black fruit. Built to grow in bottle are minimized stabilization processes to ensure maximum respect for the grape and land. Go to 0'75 cl. bottle