Spain's mainstream premium wine region is called denominaciones de origen protegidas (DOP) (similar to the French title), and its wines are regulated in accordance with specific laws and in compliance with the quality requirements of the European Commission Regulation (CE) 753. / 2002. In 2016, the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and...
Spain's mainstream premium wine region is called denominaciones de origen protegidas (DOP) (similar to the French title), and its wines are regulated in accordance with specific laws and in compliance with the quality requirements of the European Commission Regulation (CE) 753. / 2002. In 2016, the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAPA-Minister of Agriculture of Pesca y Alimentación) updated the usage of "Appellation of Origin" to Appellation of Origin (DOP); the traditional terms of DO can still be used legally on the label, but in the end Will be replaced by DOP.
Spanish wine region classification adopts a very complex hierarchical structure, among which the landmark of origin (denominación de origen protegida) is the mainstream grade, which is equivalent to the French AOC and the Italian DOC. As of 2019, Spain has divided 138 identifiable wine regions according to a certain geographic classification (2 DOCa / DOQ, 68 DO, 7 VC, 19 VP and 42 VT). Spanish DO is actually a subset of the European Union-sponsored QWPSR (Quality Wine Produced in Specific Regions) regulatory regulations (Vino de Calidad producido enregión determinada (VCPRD) in Spanish). Spain officially joined the (at the time) EEC in 1986. The Spanish origin name hierarchy was updated in 2016, as follows:
DOP – denominación de origen protegida (protected designation of origin) is the mid-stream tay column of Spanish wine quality control system. Each area is under the jurisdiction of consejo regulador, and the boundaries of the area, the allowed varieties, the maximum yield, the restrictions on the alcohol strength and other quality standards or production restrictions related to the area are all determined by it. As of 2019, there are 96 types of DOP subdivided into DOCa, DO, VP and VC. The subcategory can be called DOP, or the traditional terms of DOCa, DO, VP and VC can be used.
DOCa – denominación de origen calificada ("qualified appellation of origin") is the highest category in Spanish wine regulations and is only applicable to regions where the price of grapes is above average and quality control is particularly strict. Rioja was the first Spanish region to be granted DOCa status in 1991, followed by Priorat in 2003. Priorat uses the Catalan word DOQ to indicate the appellation of origin. These are the only two areas considered to be "above" the DO state.
DO – denominación de origin, the midstream of Spanish wine quality control system. column. Each area is under the jurisdiction of consejo regulador, and the boundaries of the area, the allowed varieties, the maximum yield, the restrictions on the alcohol strength and other quality standards or production restrictions related to the area are all determined by it.
VP – Vino de pago ("Château wine") is a special term for high-quality, single-château wine (pago is a Spanish term for vineyard terms), and in some cases also has the designation DO or VC or IGP. This category was established in 2003.
VC – vino de Calidad conindicación geográfica ("Quality Wines with Geographical Indications") was established in 2003 together with the Vice President. The VC category is used for wines that do not fully meet the strict standards of the DO category but are higher than the IGP category standards.
IGP – indicación geográficaprotegida ("Protected Geographical Indication"). This is lower than the DOP level and is a wine from a specific location, region or country that has a certain quality, reputation or other characteristics-including the stage of production-basically attributable to its geographic origin, at least one of which occurs Within the defined geographic area. These can use the traditional term "Vino de la Tierra (VT)".
VdM – vino de mesa ("table wine"), all the food at the bottom of the pyramid, all wines from unsorted vineyards, and wines classified by blending. These include cheap jug wines and some expensive wines that have not yet been classified due to innovations beyond traditional production lines.
In 2006, a new "Super Zone" named Viñedos de España was created. This was never approved by the European Union and was abolished in 2011.
Spanish wines map.
Ribera del Duero is a denomination of origin. It is located in the Douro river basin, which is about 115 kilometers long and 35 kilometers wide. It is located at the confluence of the provinces of Soria, Burgos, Segovia and Valladolid, approximately from the east in San Esteban de Gormaz to Quintanilla de Onésimo in the west. At the end of 2005, the crops in this area represented around 2% of the entire Spanish wine-growing area.
In 2018, its registered vineyard area was 23,353 hectares, made up of 8,220 active vine growers and 288 wineries.
The wine from the D.O., Ribera del Duero, is mainly red wine, although there are also rosé wines. The most distinctive grape variety is usually called Tinta del País, or Tempranillo in the wine world, and accounts for more than 90% of production. According to the regulation of the regulatory committee, for a wine to be eligible for a designation of origin, its production must contain at least 75% Tempranillo. In total, no less than 95% of the grapes must be Tempranillo, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and Malbec. Garnacha and Albillo grapes are allowed, but in large quantities.
Rioja is a Spanish denomination of origin (DOCa) that includes wines produced in La Rioja and the Basque Country, but also in certain areas of Navarra and Castilla y León. Due to the diversity of terrain and climate, there are three production areas, Rioja Alta, Rioja Alavesa and Rioja Oriental (Rioja Baja) that produce wines with different characteristics. The average annual production of Rioja wine is 336 million liters (red wine 85%, white and rosé wine 15%). Rioja wines are aromatic, fresh, balanced and with excellent aromas.
DOCa Rioja wines are numbered on the back label and seal. They are the wines most chosen by national and foreign consumers, representing 36% and 27% of consumption respectively.
Toro is the denomination of origin of the wines produced in the provinces of Zamora and Valladolid in Spain. The production areas are watered by the Derro river, where Toro is the center and the one that gives its name. It obtained the certification of the appellation of origin in 1987.
Castilla y León is a protected geographical indication that is used to designate the local wine made with grapes produced in the autonomous community of Castilla y León in Spain. Under this protected indication, the provinces of Ávila, Burgos, León, Palencia, Salamanca, Segovia, Soria, Valladolid and Zamora, in total 317 localities produce red, white and rosé wines.
The most notable characteristic of this area is the continental Mediterranean climate, the low rainfall and the diversity of soils, which roughly coincide with the Duero basin or the northern sub-plateau and the surrounding mountainous areas.
This figure includes the vineyards erected in the Denominations of Origin of Castilla y León, which mention Vino de la Tierra, or producers who have the right to use geographical references.
However, the wines of the Castilla y León region, which already have their own designation of origin, will be excluded from the wines of the land of Castilla y León. For example, (D.O.) Tierras de León, Cigales, D.O. Toro (D.O.), D.O. Ribera del Duero, D.O. Bierzo etc.
The Alanza designation of origin was established in 2005 and is used for wines made in the valleys of the middle and lower reaches of the Arlanza River in the provinces of Burgos and Palencia.
Ribera del Arlanza wines are grown in vineyards in 62 municipalities, 50 wineries in 509 municipalities of Burgos and 13 wineries in 2 municipalities of Palencia.
Rueda is a protected designation of origin, and its production areas are located in Valladolid, Segovia and Ávila (Spain). It is made up of 72 municipalities, of which 53 are located in the southern province of Valladolid, 17 in the western part of Segovia and 2 in the northern part of Ávila. The character of Rueda is defined by three elements: Verdejo grape (the grape of the region), continental Mediterranean climate and gravel soil.
The Verdejo grape has been in the Rueda designation of origin for centuries. Even without written proof, it is believed that its origin coincides with the reign of Alfonso VI (11th century). At that time, the Duero basin was filled with Cantabrians, Basques and Mozarabs, the latter being the people most likely to bring the Verdejo race to Spain.
We can say that the flavor of white wine is the aroma and flavor of Verdejo with grass aroma, fruity aroma and excellent acidity. The extract is a personality factor in high-quality white wines, due to its unique volume and bitterness, and it has a rich fruity flavor. They are very harmonious wines, and they will invite you to continue tasting them after the memories in your mouth.
Rías Baixas is one of the five designations of origin in Galicia (Spain). It was founded in 1980 under a specific denomination, it was not until 1988 when it was recognized as a Denomination of Origin.
The vineyard has an area of about 2,700 hectares and belongs to 180 wineries. Condition. It is the largest Galician producer because its 55 wineries produce more than 25,000 liters of wine, and of these about 20 wineries produce more than 75,000 liters. Total production exceeds 10 million liters.
Rías Baixas Albariño is a monovarietal wine made 100% with grapes of the Albariño variety.
Wines from Ribera Sacra, Galicia, Spain
The territory of the D.O. Monterrei, belongs to the Douro river basin that passes through the area from north to south. Its climate is temperate Mediterranean, influenced by the Atlantic Ocean. Dry and hot summers and cold winters make the contrast of heat in the grapes during the ripening season reach 30º, this makes the result a white wine with a strong, fresh and balanced aroma. And red wine cherry red, with a fruity and silky aroma in the taste phase.
LA MANCHA The Denomination of Origin La Mancha is one of the most prominent Spanish geography both in size, and the quality. It covers the provinces of Albacete, Ciudad Real, Cuenca and Toledo encompassing a total of 182 municipalities. This area of production is not only one of the highlights of Spain, is also the largest in the world, with 300,000 hectares of vineyards, of which 165,000 are used for the production of wines with Designation of Origin. La Mancha is an ideal area for growing grapes, because although the yield per hectare of vineyard is not high, the quality of the grapes, the ripening and the health of their vines are of extraordinary quality. The red grapes are preferably used Cencibel (main grape), Garnacha (used in pairings) and new approved varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot. Among white varieties and found the main grape Airen, Macabeo, and to a lesser extent, Chardonnay and Sauvignon blanc. Control Board: http://www.lamanchado.es
Marqués del Puerto Crianza, vino tinto de D.O.Ca. Rioja. Refrescante mezcla de Tempranillo (90%) y Mazuelo (10%). Envejecido en barricas de roble francés y americano durante 12 meses antes de sellarlo en su botella, donde continuará desarrollándose durante varios meses más.
The San Román and minerals are profound wines that combine power and elegance, have civilized tannins and a dense mouthfeel, with crisp flavors of black fruit. Built to grow in bottle are minimized stabilization processes to ensure maximum respect for the grape and land. Go to 0'75 cl. bottle